When you swallow food, it travels down the oesophagus, and passes through a ring of muscle called the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS), into the stomach. The job of the LOS is to control what gets in to the stomach, and to prevent the stomach contents from getting back out again.
However, the LOS is a muscle, and like other muscles, its tone can vary. Acid reflux occurs when the LOS becomes abnormally relaxed, and allows the backward flow of the stomach contents back into the oesophagus.
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People forget that their stomach is only the size of their clenched fist.
A number of factors can affect the tone and functioning of the LOS - from being overweight to smoking or taking medication. Certain foods and drinks can also exacerbate aid reflux, although there is still a fair bit of controversy in the medical community over which foods can cause or worsen reflux symptoms - largely because this seems to vary significantly between individuals.
If you''re still suffering, it might be worth trying an elimination diet. The low FODMAP diet is a temporary elimination diet that avoids foods that you might not digest properly, and can work well for acid reflux sufferers.
The low FODMAP diet is a temporary elimination diet that avoids foods that the 1 last update 2020/02/18 you might not digest properly.The low FODMAP diet is a temporary elimination diet that avoids foods that you might not digest properly.
FODMAPs include a the 1 last update 2020/02/18 range of foods like certain fruits (apples, pears), vegetables (leeks, onions, garlic), dairy products and legumes. These foods can ferment in your small intestine and cause a build-up of gas, which appears to contribute to acid reflux in some susceptible individuals.FODMAPs include a range of foods like certain fruits (apples, pears), vegetables (leeks, onions, garlic), dairy products and legumes. These foods can ferment in your small intestine and cause a build-up of gas, which appears to contribute to acid reflux in some susceptible individuals.
'' says Trickey. ''
⚠️ A low FODMAP diet should always be trialled under for 1 last update 2020/02/18 the guidance of a dietitian or other health professional who is familiar with this dietary approach. ⚠️ A low FODMAP diet should always be trialled under the guidance of a dietitian or other health professional who is familiar with this dietary approach.
Lifestyle approaches for acid reflux
The following lifestyle tips are also recommended for those suffering with acid reflux:
✔️ Avoid eating too close to bedtime, and don''s not to say sufferers won''t cause acid reflux, some individuals find that it can make their heartburn and other symptoms temporarily worse.
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4. Garlic and onions
Onions can be one of the worst offenders for individuals suffering from severe reflux. Garlic can too, but not as commonly. However, the combination of onion and garlic together can often be problematic.
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While an after-dinner mint tea is often recommended as a digestive remedy, for those suffering from acid reflux, this could actually worsen symptoms. Why? Because peppermint relaxes the LOS, and allows stomach acid to flow back up into the oesophagus.
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There is some evidence that chocolate may worsen the symptoms of acid reflux, but this is often dose dependant. For most individuals, a small amount of chocolate is usually tolerated.
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This can both increase stomach acid production, and relax the LOS, causing or worsening acid reflux.
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Hernia Gastrointestinal 10 Remedies (🔴 To Avoid) | Hernia Gastrointestinal Side Effectshow to Hernia Gastrointestinal for Evidence suggests that coffee can temporarily relax the LOS, and worsen symptoms the 1 last update 2020/02/18 of acid reflux and heartburn. Evidence suggests that coffee can temporarily relax the LOS, and worsen symptoms of acid reflux and heartburn.
9. Carbonated drinks
Too many fizzy drinks can cause gas build up in the stomach and gastric distension (bloating), and if your stomach is distended, there is increased pressure on the LOS, promoting reflux.